ENGLISH
The St. Martha Catholic School student will understand and use elements of the writing process to compose texts such as personal narratives, expository and persuasive essays, research reports, creative writing, poetry, and both formal and informal letters. They will compose cross-curricular writing projects explaining scientific topics. Students will produce finished writing projects utilizing MLA format. They will also practice proper listening and speaking techniques. Students will use conventions to be able to write complete sentences with subject/verb agreement, correct punctuation, capitalization, word usage, and parts of speech. They will practice editing skills on a daily basis and become proficient editors of their own work and that of others. Students will increase their vocabularies with weekly vocabulary exercises and tests. They will understand and master the English language including the following parts of speech:
Parts of Speech
- Nouns
- Pronouns
- Adjectives
- Verbs
- Adverbs
- Verbals (Participles, Infinitives, Gerunds)
- Prepositions
- Conjunctions
- Interjections
- Sentences
- Diagramming
LITERATURE
- Novel studies (two novels)
- Reading and discussing nonfiction
- Poetry - types and the beginning of analyzing
- Drama - reading and understanding a script by using stage directions and dialogue
- Mythology
- Continuation of word study using Greek/Latin roots and analogies
MATH
Numbers, Operations, and Computation
- Decimals - estimation strategies; all operations; solving word problems; mental math using properties
- Order of Operations - more complex expressions involving the distributive property and exponents
- Prime factor composite numbers and use exponents to describe; find the GCF and LCM using exponents
- Fractions - estimating sums, differences, products, and quotients; compare/order; simplify fractions containing variables; convert between mixed numbers and improper fractions; all operations with fractions and mixed numbers containing variables; convert between fractions/decimals/percents
- Rational numbers - compare and order positive and negative decimals and fractions
- Scientific notation - write numbers in scientific notation and standard notation
- Ratios - write from a word problem; find unit rates and unit costs
- Proportions - evaluate two ratios for equality; write from a word problem; solve
- Similar figures - use proportions to find missing lengths of polygons and indirect measurement
- Maps and Scale drawings - use proportions to solve problems involving scale; create a scale model of a room
- Percents - percents greater than 100 and less than one; solving percent problems using proportions and equations; application problems involving percents; percent of change problems
Data, Graphs, and Chance
- Measures of central tendency - mean, median, mode, and range: students will calculate each, incorporating integers and analyze data to find the best description using the correct measure
Probability
- Patterns, Functions, and Algebra
- Integers - Compare/order; absolute value; opposites; all operations;
- Patterns - describing patterns in charts/lists
- Expressions - reading/writing from one form to another; evaluating for a given value of the variable; writing from word problems; simplifying by combining like terms, coefficients; constants
- Equations - solving equations involving integers with all operations; solving two – step equations; writing equations from word problems
- Inequalities - graphing/writing; solving using all operations and graphing solutions
- Graphing in the coordinate plane
Measurement
- Metric Measurement - Choose appropriate unit of measure; Convert units.
- Customary Measurement - Convert between units using dimensional analysis
- Analyze the structure and uniformity of the metric system and contrast with the customary system
- Precision - find and compare precision in measurement
Geometry
- Identify lines - skew, parallel, perpendicular, intersecting
- Identify rays, segments and apply to lines within the same plane and not in same plane
- Triangles - classify by angles; classify by side measurements; find area and perimeter
- Quadrilaterals and other polygons - identify by sides
- Congruent figures - identify and use to find missing measurements
- Circles - identify all parts; calculate area, circumference
- Circle graphs - create a circle graph using compass and computing angle measurements for eachdata point
- Estimate perimeter and area of polygons
- Parallelograms - calculate area and perimeter
- Irregular figures - calculate area
- Square roots and Irrational numbers
- Pythagorean Theorem - use to calculate all sides of a right triangle
SCIENCE
The Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston follows the NGSS (Next Generation Science Standards) and we implement an integrated science program utilizing McGraw-Hill’s I-Science textbook.
Nature of Science
- Earth’s atmosphere
- Weather
- Climate
- Interactions of living things
- Global warming
- Cell structure And function
- Mitosis
- Meiosis
- Types of reproduction
- Genetics
- Human body systems
- The Environment and Change over time-focusing on anatomical similarities of organisms
- Foundations of Chemistry
- Motion, forces and Newton’s laws introduction (if time permits)
SOCIAL STUDIES
In this class, we will be examining the many components of the history of the state of Texas. This course will begin by developing students’ map skills and how to read/interpret historical documents. The course will then proceed to examine native cultures of Texas, Spanish exploration, and a comprehensive study of Texas History through WWII.